Order of Berthold I, Commander Breast Star with Swords (in silver and gold)
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A four-rayed star constructed of silver, gold and enamels. The obverse bears a central circular medallion with the image of Berthold I in armour, on horseback with a sword and shield, on a red enamelled background. Encompassed by a pebbled gold border with an enamelled border with the inscription "Grechtigkeit ist Macht” (Justice is Might), encompassed with another gold pebbled ring. With two crossed swords behind the medallion. The reverse bears a pinback.
The Order of Berthold I was established on April 29, 1877 by Grand Duke Frederick I to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession to be conferred as an additional class above the grand cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion. On September 9, 1896, the day of Grand Duke Frederick’s seventieth birthday, the order became separate from the Order of the Zähringer Lion. The order was then expanded into three classes: Grand Cross, Commander and Knight. Originally the Order of Berthold I had been established as an attempt to keep the people’s descent from the Dukes of Zähringen alive. However, with the separation in 1896, the order could be awarded to any individual regardless of status. The Order of Berthold I was awarded to individuals who or faithful service or as a special show of recognition and benevolence. Recipients of both the Order of Berthold I and the Order of the Zähringer Lion could wear both orders at the same time, but the last received order before the other. In 1900, a Collar was added to the Order of Berthold I. The order could also be conferred with swords, indicating military merit. The awards were conferred within two divisions, the Civil Division and the Military Division. The Civil Division awards featured a surmounting crown, and the Military Division awards featured a surmounting crown and crossed swords. In the case of the Breast Star, the Civil Division Breast Stars do not feature a crown or swords, while the Military Division Breast Stars do feature crossed swords.
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