Order of Berthold I, Knight with Swords

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAD.0104.205.01.000

Estimated market value:

$5,000 USD

  • Knight with Swords Obverse
  • Knight with Swords Reverse
  • Knight with Swords Obverse
  • Knight with Swords Reverse
  • Knight with Swords Obverse
  • Knight with Swords Reverse

Estimated market value:

$5,000 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Size
    41.5x62.5mm; 21.5x20 (crown); 44.5x2.5 (swords)
  • Version Remarks
    A total of 23 were awarded, 21 of which during WWI.

Physical Description and Item Details


A Maltese cross constructed of gold and enamels with white enamelled arms, ball finals and royal crowns and two crossed swords between the arms of the cross. The obverse bears a central red enamelled medallion depicting the royal cipher of Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig within a gold ring. The reverse bears a central red enamelled medallion presenting a royal crown. Topped with arabesques, a crown, and a loop for suspension on a red and yellow striped ribbon.

History


The Order of Berthold I was established on April 29, 1877 by Grand Duke Frederick I to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession to be conferred as an additional class above the grand cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion. On September 9, 1896, the day of Grand Duke Frederick’s seventieth birthday, the order became separate from the Order of the Zähringer Lion. The order was then expanded into three classes: Grand Cross, Commander and Knight. Originally the Order of Berthold I had been established as an attempt to keep the people’s descent from the Dukes of Zähringen alive. However, with the separation in 1896, the order could be awarded to any individual regardless of status. The Order of Berthold I was awarded to individuals who or faithful service or as a special show of recognition and benevolence. Recipients of both the Order of Berthold I and the Order of the Zähringer Lion could wear both orders at the same time, but the last received order before the other. In 1900, a Collar was added to the Order of Berthold I. The order could also be conferred with swords, indicating military merit. The awards were conferred within two divisions, the Civil Division and the Military Division. The Civil Division awards featured a surmounting crown, and the Military Division awards featured a surmounting crown and crossed swords. In the case of the Breast Star, the Civil Division Breast Stars do not feature a crown or swords, while the Military Division Breast Stars do feature crossed swords. The royal monogram of Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden was featured on the obverse medallion.

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