Order of Military Merit of Charles Frederick, Grand Cross Breast Star

SKU: 01.BAD.0102.103.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Reverse Detail
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (hollow) Reverse Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    April 4, 1807
  • makers
    P. Willet, Kretly, Zimmermann, L. Raupp, J. Petry
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

History


The Order was instituted by Grand Duke Charles Frederick and it was originally restricted to Officers in recognition of distinguished military merit or an outstanding act of courage.

This Order originally featured three grades: Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, and Knight.

In 1807, the Military Merit Medals were added to the Order with gold and silver grades and the medals could be awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

These Military Merit Medals were considered the highest military decoration awarded for bravery that could be conferred upon Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

The Commander grade was divided into two separate grades in 1840, I Class Commander and II Class Commander.

The Crosses of the Order were originally composed of Gold, but following 1916, the crosses were predominately composed of Silver gilt.

Breast Stars may be marked: P. WILLET/IN/CARLSRUHE, KRETLY/PALAIS-ROYAL/PARIS, THEODORE/OELENHEINZ/IN/KARLSRUHE J. PETRY

There is a great deal of variation in the appearance and size of the Breast Star.

The Breast Star was awarded with the Grand Cross and the I Class Commander.

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Versions

  • Price

    $7000 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold

  • Inscription

    Obv: FÜR BADENS EHRE

  • Size

    76mm; 35mm (medallion)

  • Maker

    J. Petry; Kretly; L. Raupp; P. Willet; Theodor Oelenheinz; Zimmermann

  • Version Remarks

    73.9 grams Early examples are embroidered. Starting sometime between 1830 and 1850 they were made of metal.

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  • Price

    $7000 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: FÜR BADENS EHRE

  • Size

    75mm; 32mm (medallion)

  • Maker

    C. F. Zimmermann, Pforzheim

  • Version Remarks

    38.2 grams An early variant of this version lacks the adornment around the medallion, as well as the ball finials in the knee of the c...

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