Order of the Zähringer Lion, Grand Cross Breast Star (with diamonds)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAD.0103.103.01.002

Estimated market value:

$14,500 USD

  • Order of the Zähringer Lion, Grand Cross Breast Star (with diamonds)
  • Order of the Zähringer Lion, Grand Cross Breast Star (with diamonds) reverse

Estimated market value:

$14,500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Diamonds/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: FÜR EHRE UND WAHRHEIT
  • Size
    85.8mm x 86.4mm
  • Version Remarks
    This award was only granted 7 times. The recipients were: Reinhard Frhr. v. Berstett (1815), Graf von Keller (1856), Graf von Pückler (1856), Graf von Severine (1867), Williamoff (1861), Graf Stroganoff (1863), Baron von Cohn (1889).

Physical Description and Item Details


Baden, Duchy. An Order of the Zähringer Lion, Grand Cross Star with Brilliants, c.1880

(Orden vom Zähringer Löwen, Bruststern zum Großkreuz). Instituted by Grand Duke Carl Ludwig von Baden in 1810. Of high quality manufacture, a superb example from the second half of the 19th century, consisting of a delicate multi-rayed eight-pointed star in silver, the obverse exhibiting a remarkable enameled red central medallion superimposed by typical rampant lion in Gold, surrounded by a finely enameled white border inscribed “FÜR EHRE UND WAHRHEIT” (For honour and truth) in chiselled Gold letters, depicting two beneath enameled laurel leaves also in Gold, with elegant striped silver edges between the rings, finally encircled by an outsider border composed of a splendid hand-filled line of synthetic stones with silver underground to enhance light reflection, the reverse plain with central pinback and a functional hinge/catch assembly, measuring 85.87 mm (w) x 86.39 mm (h), light contact on the star, near mint condition.

History


It is suggested that the Order was founded by Grand Duke Karl in 1809 and named in the memory of his ancient predecessors, the Dukes of Zähringen. However, the actual foundation of the order is attributed to the Grand Duke Charles, who established the Order on the name day of his consort, Stephanie of Beauharnais, in 1812. On June 17, 1840, the statues of the Order were officially instituted by Grand Duke Ludwig.

The Order was awarded to recognize civil and military merit and the first Order conferral ceremonies took place 1815.

The Order originally featured three grades, Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, and Knight. In 1840, the Commander grade was divided into I Class Commanded with I Class Commander Breast Star and II Class Commander.

Beginning in 1815, surmounting golden oak leaves could be awarded with all Order grades to indicate additional merit and achievements. These oak leaves originally included an "L" cipher, but the use of the cipher was discontinued in 1866.

In 1866, the Knight grade was divided into I Class Knight and II Class Knight, and crossed swords were instituted as a possible attribute that could be added to all Order grades to indicate war merit.

The awards without swords were conferred for civil merit, while the awards with swords were conferred to recognize military merit.

The last modification was instituted on April 29, 1889, wherein a Merit Cross was added as an Order grade to reward civilians for exceptional bravery and merit in the face of the enemy.

The Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star were, on occasion, awarded with diamonds and there may be examples of the Grand Cross with coloured stones.

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