Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Commander (in gold)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0106.104.01.000

Estimated market value:

$7000+ USD

  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Commander (in gold) Obverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Commander (in gold) Reverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Commander (in gold) Obverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Commander (in gold) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$7000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Jacob Leser, Straubing
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: VIRTUS ET HONOS Rev: MAX. JOS. BOJOARIAE REX
  • Size
    51.5x83.5mm
  • Version Remarks
    This version of the Commander Cross dates approximately to 1880 and is constructed of gold.
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-bavarian-crown/a-rare-1880-order-of-the-bavarian-crown-in-gold-g15460

Physical Description and Item Details


Constructed of gold with multi-coloured enamels consisting of an eight-armed star with white enameled arms, a green enamel oak leaf wreath lays in the quadrants and there are small gold rays protruding from the center between the arms. The obverse center bears an enamelled Bavarian flag bearing a gilt crown encompassed by a red enamel border with the inscription “VIRTUS ET HONOS” (Virtue and Honour). The reverse center bears a medallion with a profile of Maximilian Joseph I encompassed by a red enamel border with the inscription “MAX JOS BOIOARIAE REX”. With a Bavarian crown and elongated suspension loop on a light blue and white striped neck ribbon.

History


The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown was instituted on March 19, 1808 by King Maximilian Joseph I. The order was founded as a civil counterpart to the Military Order of Max Joseph to reward civil servants of the state and other foreigners who displayed acts of exceptional merit. Similar to the Military Order of Max Joseph, individuals who received the Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown were permitted to add the title of “Ritter von” to their family name and those who were not already members of the nobility were ennobled. The Order of Merit of the Bavarian crown was initially founded with three grades: Grand Cross, Commander, and Knight (as well as the two medal classes). Each grade possessed a limited number of members: 12 Grand Cross members, 24 Commanders and 100 Knights, but with unlimited gold and silver medal recipients. In October 1817, the statues permitted 24 Grand Cross members, 40 Commanders and 160 Knights. Further adjustments to the statutes were also made on February 16, 1824, on October 12, 1834, and on January 12, 1835. In 1855, the statutes were modified for the addition of the Commander class. The order was awarded until 1918. The motto of the order is “VIRTUS ET HONOS”, meaning “Virtue and Honour”.

The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown is awarded in the following classes: Grand Cross and Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander and Commander Breast Star, Knight, gold medal and silver medal.

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