Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Grand Cross Breast Star

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0106.102.01.000

Estimated market value:

$9,200 USD

  • Grand Cross Breast Star (Silver/Gold) ObverseMerit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Grand Cross Breast Star
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse

Estimated market value:

$9,200 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: VIRTUS ET HONOS
  • Size
    91mm
  • Version Remarks
    This version of the Grand Cross Breast Star dates to circa 1840 and has smooth rays.
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-bavarian-crown/a-superb-bavarian-merit-order-of-the-bavarian-crown-c-1840

Physical Description and Item Details


An eight rayed star constructed of silver, gold and enamels. There are examples of the star with faceted and smooth rays. The obverse center bears the enamelled flag of Bavaria with a Bavarian crown, encompassed by a red enamelled border with the inscription “VIRTUS ET HONOS” (Virtue and Honour). This is encompassed by a green enamelled oak leaf wreath tied with a bow at the bottom. Measuring 91mm, and weighing 52.8 grams.

History


The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown was instituted on March 19, 1808 by King Maximilian Joseph I. The order was founded as a civil counterpart to the Military Order of Max Joseph to reward civil servants of the state and other foreigners who displayed acts of exceptional merit. Similar to the Military Order of Max Joseph, individuals who received the Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown were permitted to add the title of “Ritter von” to their family name and those who were not already members of the nobility were ennobled. The Order of Merit of the Bavarian crown was initially founded with three grades: Grand Cross, Commander, and Knight (as well as the two medal classes). Each grade possessed a limited number of members: 12 Grand Cross members, 24 Commanders and 100 Knights, but with unlimited gold and silver medal recipients. In October 1817, the statues permitted 24 Grand Cross members, 40 Commanders and 160 Knights. Further adjustments to the statutes were also made on February 16, 1824, on October 12, 1834, and on January 12, 1835. In 1855, the statutes were modified for the addition of the Commander class. The order was awarded until 1918. The motto of the order is “VIRTUS ET HONOS”, meaning “Virtue and Honour”.

The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown is awarded in the following classes: Grand Cross and Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander and Commander Breast Star, Knight, gold medal and silver medal.

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