Military Order of St. George, Grand Cross Breast Star


SKU: 01.BAV.0103.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$8100 USD

  • Military Order of St. George, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Military Order of St. George, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Military Order of St. George, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse Detail
  • Military Order of St. George, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail

Estimated market value:

$8100 USD


  • Country
  • Makers
    Eduard Quellhorst, Munich
  • Composition
  • Size
  • Image Licensing

Physical Description and Item Details

In silver, silver gilt and enamels, by official maker of this insignia Eduard Quellhorst, M√ľnchen (marked on the reverse center), of excellent quality manufacture, measuring 83x83mm, slight enamel flake on right arm and 9 o'clock red enameling, otherwise in extremely fine condition and rare.


The establishment of the Order is highly disputed and there are numerous origin stories. Some sources claim that the Order was brought to Germany from the Holy Land by Wolf I, Otto III, Otto IV and Eckart II as early as the twelfth century. Others allege that the Order was founded by Emperor Maximilian I in 1494. In reality, the Order was established on April 24, 1729 by Elector Charles Albert, later the Emperor Charles VII, who received it from his father, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, who died before instituting the Order.

The order was established to honour nobility and was awarded as a means to recognize meritorious civil and military service.

Members of the Order had to prove their Catholic descent and were charged with the duty of venerating St. George and believing in the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin.

On March 15, 1728, Pope Benedict XIII confirmed the order and granted it the advantages, which previous Popes had conceded to all high Orders of Germany.

In 1741, a spiritual class was added, which consisted of a Bishop, a Provost, four Deans, and Chaplains.

In 1778, following the extinction of the Louis line of Bavaria, the Order was adopted as a Palatinate-Bavarian institution by Elector Charles Theodore. His successor, Maximilian Joseph sanctioned it as a royal Bavarian Order, second in rank to the Order of St. Hubert.

The King was the Grand Master of the Order, while the Crown Prince was the first Grand Prior, with the next Prince following as the second Grand Prior.

The Order is still in existence today, with rigid requirements for admittance.

The Order includes six Knights of the Grand Cross, twelve Commanders, and unlimited Knights.

The Breast Star was to be worn on the coat, court dress or uniform.

In the 17th century, the Breast Star was made from embroidered silk.

Medal stars began to be worn as of 1830-1850.


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Ludwig II


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