Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, I Class Cross Breast Star

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.104.01.000

Estimated market value:

$5000+ USD

  •  I Class Cross Breast Star

Estimated market value:

$5000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI
  • Size
    76mm
  • Image Licensing
    The image of the is a scanned image from the Book "Handbuch der Ritter- und Verdienstorden aller Kulturstaaten der Welt" edited by Maximillian Gritzner. The book was published in 1893. It is in the public domain in countries where the copyright is the author's life plus 70 years.

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905 the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

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