Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.112.01.001

Estimated market value:

$300+ USD

  • Order of Military Merit, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, I Class Military Merit Cross (with crown) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$300+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI Rev: 1866
  • Size
    42.5x66mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-military-merit/bavaria-kingdom-an-order-of-military-merit-war-merit-cross-first-class-with-crown-c-1915

Physical Description and Item Details


A Maltese cross in gilded silver; the obverse with a central medallion bearing the crowned cipher of King Ludwig II within a border in the form of a buckled belt inscribed with lettering reading “Merenti” (Latin - “Merit”); the reverse with a central medallion bearing a crowned Bavarian lion within a border in the form of a buckled belt with numbers reading “1866”; suspended from a structure composed of arabesques with a swivel crown suspension; accompanied by its period original ribbon; measuring 42.5x66mm (including its crown suspension); measuring 25.5 grams; in overall near extremely fine condition.

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905, the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

All three classes of the Military Merit Cross could be awarded with or without swords, with the swords signifying wartime merit. The addition of a crown denoted that especial merit or that a recipient received another Cross.

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