Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, II Class Cross Breast Star


SKU: 01.BAV.0107.106.01.000

Estimated market value:

$3,600 USD

  • Order of Military Merit, II Class Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, II Class Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, II Class Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, II Class Cross Breast Star Reverse

Estimated market value:

$3,600 USD


  • Country
  • Makers
    Gebrüder Hemmerle, Munich
  • Composition
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI
  • Size
  • Version Remarks
    This version was produced by Gebrüder Hemmerle, Munich.
  • Image Licensing

Physical Description and Item Details

An eight pointed multi-rayed silver star; attached to the obverse is a silver gilt Maltese cross with blue enameled arms, along with a central black enameled medallion bearing the Gold crowned cipher of King Ludwig III, surrounded by a broad white enameled ring in the form of a buckled belt, inscribed “MERENTI” (Latin - Merit), in Gold lettering; the reverse plain, with eight rivets, a vertical pinback (marked 900 for silver content); maker marked “Juwiliere Hemmerle, München” on the reverse; measuring 73x72mm; weighing 59.2 grams.


The Order of Military Merit was established on July 19, 1866 by King Ludwig II of Bavaria. It was Bavaria’s main decoration for acts of bravery and military merit; however, it was ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph. Military personnel, civilians acting in support of the military, and members of foreign armies were eligible for the Order of Military Merit. If an individual’s act of bravery or merit was exceptional, they qualified for the Military Order of Max Joseph. The award was initially awarded in five classes: Grand Cross, Grand Commander, Commander, I Class Knight and II Class Knight and an affiliated Merit Cross. Award ribbons varied based on division and class. In 1891, swords were donated to all classes for acts of bravery or merit in war. The order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

In 1900, the Officer’s class was added to the order. In 1905, the classes were renamed Grand Cross (and Grand Cross Breast Star), I Class Cross (and I Class Breast Star), II Class Cross (and II Class Breast Star), Officer Cross, III Class Cross, IV Class Cross, I Class Knight’s Cross, II Class Knight’s Cross, I Class Military Merit Cross, II Class Military Merit Cross and III Class Military Merit Cross. The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star. The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank. There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men. Producers of the order include Eduard Quellhorst, Munchen; Hausinger, Munich; Hemmerle, Munich; Jacob Reader, Straubing; Deschler & Sohn, Munich; L. Christian Lauer, Nuremberg and Weiss & Cie, Munich.


Item For Sale By

Be the first to sell this item

Wanted By

Be the first to request this item


Sign in to comment and reply.

Scroll Top