Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, Officer Cross

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.107.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse Detail
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    July 19, 1866
  • makers
    Hemmerle, Munich, Jacob Leser, Straubing
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905, the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

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Versions

  • Price

    $3400 USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: MERENTI

  • Size

    49.5x77mm

  • Maker

    Hemmerle, Munich, Jacob Leser, Straubing

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $1700+ USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: MERENTI

  • Size

    51x77.5mm

  • Maker

    Jacob Leser, Straubing

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item

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