Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, Officer Cross (with flames)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.107.01.003

Estimated market value:

$1700+ USD

  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse Detail
  • Order of Military Merit, Officer Cross (with flames) Reverse Detail

Estimated market value:

$1700+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Jacob Leser, Straubing
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI
  • Size
    51x77.5mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-military-merit/bavaria-a-bavarian-order-of-military-merit-officer-s-cross-in-gold-with-flames-by-j-leser

Physical Description and Item Details


"A Bavarian Order of Military Merit Officer’s Cross (Bayerische Militärverdienstorden) with Flames; hollow golden Maltese cross with four arms in blue enamels; the obverse with a central black enameled medallion bearing a gold crowned cipher of King Ludwig III within a white enameled border in the form of a buckled belt with gold letters reading “Merenti” (Latin - “Merit”); with a crown soldered atop the upper arm of the cross; the reverse with a vertical slender pinback, with a barrel hinge and a broadened catch; maker marked “J.S.” for “Jacob Leser manufacture; measuring 51x77.5mm; weighing 21.1 grams; severe enamel damage from storage; in fair condition.

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905, the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

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