Order of Military Merit, Military Division, II Class Cross (with crown)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.205.01.001

Estimated market value:

$4500 USD

  • Order of Military Merit, Military Division, II Class Cross (with crown) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Military Division, II Class Cross (with crown) Reverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Military Division, II Class Cross (with crown) Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Military Division, II Class Cross (with crown) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$4500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Gebrüder Hemmerle, Munich
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI Rev: 1866
  • Size
    55x93mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-military-merit/bavaria-a-bavarian-order-of-military-merit-commander-s-cross-second-class-with-crown-and-swords

Physical Description and Item Details


A well preserved example of a Bavarian Order of Military Merit Commander's Cross Second Class with Crown and Swords; First War Period Issue; silver gilt Maltese cross with blue, white, and black enamels; the obverse with a central black enameled medallion bearing a gold crowned cipher of King Ludwig III within a white enameled border in the form of a buckled belt with gold letters reading “Merenti” (Latin - “Merit”); the reverse with a central black enameled medallion bearing a gold crowned Bavarian lion within a white enameled border in the form of a buckled belt with golden numbers reading “1866”; with the swords attached to the cross directly above the upper arm; suspended from a swivel crown suspension, with a horizontally pierced ball and a long ribbon; with its full size period original wartime ribbon; marked “950” for silver content, and “G.H.” for Gebrüder Hemmerle manufacture; measuring 55x93mm (with crown suspension); weighing 51.2 grams; with light contact marks from light period wear and some wear to the original gilt finish, but without chipping or cracks in the enamel of any kind; in overall near extremely fine condition. Very Rare. 146 Awarded.

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905 the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

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