Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, III Class Cross (in silver gilt)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0102.210.01.001

Estimated market value:

$1800 USD

  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, III Class Cross (in silver gilt) Obverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, III Class Cross (in silver gilt) Reverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, III Class Cross (in silver gilt) Obverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, III Class Cross (in silver gilt) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$1800 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Edward Quellenhorst, Munich
  • Composition
    Silver gilt
  • Inscription
    Obv: QUIS UT DEUS Rev: VIRTUTI
  • Size
    36x61mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-st-michael/bavaria-a-royal-merit-order-of-st-michael-third-class-cross-c-1905

Physical Description and Item Details


A silver gilt cross with blue enameled arms; the obverse depicting St. Michael slaying a dragon - his shield reads “Quis Ut Deus” (Latin - Who [is] like God?); the reverse inscribed “Viruti” (Latin - Virtue) in blue enamels; on a swivel crown and loop for suspension - marked “EQ” for “Edward Quellenhorst, München”; measuring 36x61mm; weighing 20.5 grams; extremely well preserved, without chips or flakes to the enamels of any kind; in mint condition.

History


The Order was founded by Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, who at the time was the Archbishop Elector of Cologne. It was originally a military order, which could only be conferred upon members of the Catholic nobility.

The Order originally included 2 classes, the Grand Cross and the Knight’s Cross.

In 1808, the Order was extended to include a Commander Cross.

On September 11, 1812, King Maximilian Joseph confirmed the order. The king became chief of the Order, and the Grand Master was selected from the princes of Bavaria.

On February 16, 1837, King Ludwig I reorganized the Order and it became open to all individuals regardless of faith or class. It was renamed in Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael.

The award was conferred in recognition of loyalty, patriotism and meritorious service in various fields.

On June 24, 1855, Maximilian II extended the Order to include the grade of Grand Commander and divided the Knight’s Cross into I and II class.

The Order underwent a further reorganization in 1887 and by 1910 it included: Grand Cross, Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Cross, I Class Breast Star, II Class Cross, II Class Breast Star, Honour Cross, III Class Cross, Knight’s Cross I Class, Knight’s Cross II Class, Merit Cross with Crown, Merit Cross, Silver Merit Medal and Bronze Merit Medal.

The inscription, “PIETAS FIDELITAS FORTITUDO PERSEVERANTIA,” translates to "Piety, Fidelity, Fortitude, Perseverance.”

The Order was awarded until the abolition of the Monarchy on November 7, 1918.

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