Order of St. Elisabeth, Decoration for Officials

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0111.104.01.000

Estimated market value:

$3,500 USD

  • Obverse
  • Reverse Centrepeice

Estimated market value:

$3,500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Size
    41x57mm
  • Version Remarks
    This award is very rare.
  • Image Licensing
    The image is attributed to “Histoire, Costumes, Decorations de tous Les Ordres De Chevalerie et Marques D’Honneur” by Par Auguste Wahlen, published 1844. It is in the public domain in all countries where the copyright is the author’s term of life plus 70 years.

Physical Description and Item Details


A cross paty constructed of gold and enamels. The cross arms of white enamel with gold borders. The obverse center bears a medallion with the image of St. Elisabeth helping the less fortunate. The reverse center bears a medallion with the monogram “EA” (for Elisabeth Augusta) on a white enamel background, encompassed by a dark green enamel ring. The cross is topped with a red and white enamelled crown suspension.

History


The Order was established on October 18, 1766 by the first Consort of the Elector Charles Theodore of the Palatinate, Elisabeth Augusta, as an-all female chivalric and charitable institution for the poor. The Order was named after the Elisabeth’s sainted patroness and namesake, and it was confirmed on January 31, 11766 by Pope Clement XII, and endowed generously.

Candidates of the Order had to prove that they were of noble birth running through sixteen generations of their or their husbands ancestors.

The Grand Mistress could nominate an unlimited number of ladies, from her own court and Princely Houses, as well as six married or widowed ladies of noble, but not necessarily ancient descent.

The fee for entering the Order was four ducats.

The members were not allowed to appear in public without their badge, if they did so they faced a penalty of one ducat.

The King appointed the Grand Mistress.

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