Order of St. Elisabeth, Grand Cross


SKU: 01.BAV.0111.102.01.000

Estimated market value:

$8,000 USD

  • Order of St. Elisabeth, Grand Cross

Estimated market value:

$8,000 USD


  • Country
  • Composition
  • Size
  • Version Remarks
    This award is very rare.
  • Image Licensing
    This image is attributed to "Die Ritter und. Verdienstorden, ehren-, Verdienst und Denkzeichen Sowie Dienstalters Auszeichnungen des Konigreichs Bayern." by Jacob Leser and Oskar Leser. The book was published in 1858, and falls within the public domain in Canada. It is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.

Physical Description and Item Details

A cross paty constructed of gold and enamels. The cross arms of white enamel with gold borders. There are golden rays in the quadrants between the arms. The obverse center bears a medallion with the image of St. Elisabeth helping the less fortunate. The reverse center bears a medallion with the monogram “EA” (for Elisabeth Augusta) on a white enamel background, encompassed by a dark green enamel ring styled in the shape of an oak wreath. The cross is topped with a red and white enamelled crown suspension.


The Order of St. Elisabeth was donated on October 18, 1766 by Electress Elisabeth Augusta von der Pfalz. The order was based on the Russian Order of St. Catherine. Saint Elissabeth of Thuringia was the patron saint of the order. The Order of St. Elisabeth was committed to charity. Recipients of the order had to be Catholic members of an established aristocracy in which they had to prove their ancestry in a 16 part test. The order was of one class, but was divided into nuns and ladies of honour, as well as a special cross for order officials and the cross of the Grand Mistress. The Order of St. Elisabeth was the most exclusive order for women until the end of the monarchy in 1918.

The Grand Mistress could nominate an unlimited number of ladies, from her own court and Princely Houses, as well as six married or widowed ladies of noble, but not necessarily ancient descent.

The fee for entering the Order was four ducats.

The members were not allowed to appear in public without their badge, if they did so they faced a penalty of one ducat.

The King appointed the Grand Mistress.


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