Royal Guelphic Order, Gold Collar (in gold)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.HAN.0102.101.01.000

Estimated market value:

$36,000 USD

  • Gold Collar (in gold) Obverse
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Obverse Detail
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Obverse Detail
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Obverse Detail
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Reverse Detail
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Obverse Detail
  • Gold Collar (in gold) Reverse Detail

Estimated market value:

$36,000 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Gold
  • Size
    1,450 mm
  • Version Remarks
    This version is constructed of gold.

Physical Description and Item Details


A twenty-four link collar constructed of gold. There are three link types. The first consists of 16 left and right facing proud lions. The second type consists of 8 Royal crowns between the two lions. The third link consists of 8 cyphers of George Rex. The Grand Cross is attached to a central crown link with a hook on the reverse of the link. The three link types are attached together with smaller circular eyelets. Measuring 1,450 mm in length and weighing 384 grams.

History


The Royal Guelphic Order was instituted by King George IV (at the time the Prince Regent of Great Britain) on August 12, 1815, which was not only his father George III’s birthday, but was also the 101st anniversary of first Hanoverian monarch, George I, ascending the English throne. The order was named after the House of Guelph, of which the Hanoverians were a branch. The Royal Guelphic Order was awarded to those who displayed acts of bravery, prudent behavior in front of the enemy, and military merit. Military personnel could also receive the civilian decoration, although it was only discussed and never applied in practice. The Grand Master of the order was always the King of Hanover, and the number of members in the order was unlimited.

From 1815 to 1841, the award was issued in three classes: Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Knight. From 1841 onward, the award was issued in five classes: Knight Grand Cross, I Class Commander, II Class Commander, Knight and Cross of Merit. The grades of this Order were conferred in two divisions, the Military Division and the Civil Division. The Military Division awards feature crossed swords, while the Civil Division awards do not have swords. After the death of a recipient, the order had to be returned to the chancellery. The names and coat of arms of recipients were put up in the castle church in Hannover. An annual festival was held every year on the foundation date of the order.

The order stopped being issued by the British Crown following the death of King William IV in 1837, at which time the union between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Hanover ended. The order continues to be awarded today and the head of the Hanoverian House, Prince Ernst August is the current chancellor.

The Collar was worn on gala days and at festivals. The Collar was no longer awarded after 1839.

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