House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Collar (1865-1918)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.OLD.0101.100.01.001

Estimated market value:

$16500+ USD

  • House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Collar (1865-1918)
  • House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Collar (1865-1918)
  • House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Collar (1865-1918)
  • House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Collar (1865-1918)

Estimated market value:

$16500+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: PFL
  • Size
    1080mm

Physical Description and Item Details


Of the outstanding quality and craftsmanship one wound expect from an order of this importance. A well executed and attention to detail collar consisting of eight 26 mm disks in silver gilt with red and green enamels, illustrating the cypher of Peter Friedrich Ludwig (Duke Peter Frederick Louis) in the centre, surrounded by the inscription "EIN GOTT - EIN RECHT - EINE WAHRHEIT" (A God - A Right - A Truth) and six 26 mm disks in silver gilt with green and white enamels, with the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg coat-of-arms in the centre in red, blue and gold-coloured enamels, each of the fourteen disks with large ornate integral links top and bottom, all twelve disks alternating with twelve 29 mm x 49 mm silver gilt crowned cyphers of Peter Friedrich Ludwig, the front of the chain with a large 51.5 mm x 67.5 mm silver gilt crowned cypher of Peter Friedrich August, the back of the chain with a 56.5 mm x 60.5 silver gilt emblem of two side-by-side silver gilt cyphers of Peter Friedrich Ludwig surmounted by a single large crown, each of the disks and cyphers connected by a single link in two locations on both sides, the crowned cypher of Peter Friedrich August at the front with a 15.5 mm x 17.7 mm cluster of six oak leaves and three acorns, with a hook in place on its reverse for the badge that has been lost to time and suspended from the cypher via two strands of large ornate links, the chain measuring approximately 1,080 mm in length, exhibiting a crack in the white enamels on the coat-of-arms of the second disk from the right and chipping in the green enamels on the wreath of the second disk from the left, scattered spotting on the reverse of the disk and cyphers, the chain of very fine quality manufacture, better than extremely fine.

History


The Order was instituted by Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August of Oldenburg in commemoration of his father, Duke Peter Friedrich Louis. It was conferred in recognition of both civil and military merit.

The Order was separated into two divisions; each division featured the same awards, but they were allotted different number of members.

The first division or “die Kapitulare” was limited to members of the Oldenburg family. The chapter had an associated badge, which was a medallion surrounded by an enamelled green wreath. The badge came in numerous grades, which affected the composition.

The second division was composed of honorary members. This division of the Order was allowed to confer twice as many awards.

All grades of the Order, except for the Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals, could be awarded with crossed swords to denote military merit.

If an individual had previously received a lower-grade award with swords, and later received a higher grade without swords, they wore “swords on ring” on the higher grade.

In 1918 a further provision for a wreath of laurels was added to the Order. The wreath was conferred for war merit.

The Order became obsolete in 1918 when the last Grand Duke of Oldenburg renounced the throne.

The Collar is composed of 24 links, and the reverse of the links are flat.

After 1909 the Collar was only seldom awarded.

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