Decoration for Art and Science, Type IV, Cross (1894-1898 version)
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A Maltese cross with pebbled arms and a raised smooth border, constructed of silver gilt and enamel. Between the cross arms is a rue wreath in green enamel and silver borders. The obverse centre medallion features the right-facing portrait of Duke Alfred with the circular inscription ‘ALFRED HERZOG VON SACHSEN COBURG UND GOTHA’. The medallion ring is smooth and doubled. The reverse is similar, except that the medallion features an oak leaf wreath, tied at the bottom by a ribbon, with the inscription ‘DEM VERDIENSTE’ (‘for merit’) above a crown in the centre. On a loop for suspension, on a green ribbon.
The Decoration for Art and Science was originally founded as the Medal for Civil Merit, which was primarily awarded to artists. The medal was established in three grades: Gold, Silver, and Bronze. Both wearable and non-wearable medals were issued.
The Type IV decoration was redesigned by Duke Alfred on October 19, 1894.
The new Type IV decorations took the form of a cross and a medal. This decoration was the highest level of award conferred in recognition of extraordinary merits and achievements within the arts and sciences.
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