Friedrich Order, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (in gold)


SKU: 01.WUT.0109.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$2200+ USD

  • I Class Commander (Gold) Obverse
  • I Class Commander (Gold) Obverse
  • I Class Commander (Gold) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$2200+ USD


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Physical Description and Item Details

(Friedrichs Orden Komturkreuz). Issued 1856-1918. A Gold cross pattee with white enameled arms, and with Gold sun rays between the arms of the cross; the obverse with a Gold crowned cipher of Friedrich I within a bed of white enamels, surrounded by a ring of blue enamels, inscribed “GOTT UND MEIN RECHT” (German - God and my Honour); the reverse identical to the obverse; suspended from a period replaced double-looped ring from its period original neck ribbon; measuring 53.40 mm (w) x 53.57 mm (h); weighing 45.5 grams with its ribbon; with enamel damage to centre obverse, otherwise in overall very fine condition.


The Friedrich Order was established by King Wilhelm I on January 1, 1830, to commemorate his father King Friedrich I for his great service to the royal House and to the state of Württemberg. The Order was awarded in recognition of meritorious military and civil service rendered to the royal house.

From 1830 to 1856, the Order featured a single Cross grade with an associated Breast Star. In 1856, the Order was amended to include the grades of Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Commander with I Class Commander Breast Star, II Class Commander, and Knight.

Type I Order recipients were granted personal Knighthood. They were required to incorporate the decoration they received into their title, as well as into their Coat-of-Arms. Type II Order recipients were not granted personal Knighthood.

As of September 19, 1870, surmounting crossed swords could be added to all grades to recognise a recipient for military merit in wartime. At the same time, the Knight grade was divided into the two separate grades of I Class Knight and II Class Knight. Previous recipients of the Knight Grade were upgraded to I Class Knight. Some sources falsely claim that the Knight grade was divided in 1866.

As of 1890, swords could also be added to the breast star.

In 1892, King Wilhelm II added the grade of Golden Merit Medal to the Order.

As of March 6, 1899, surmounting crowns could be added to the grand cross and the grand cross breast star to recognise a recipient for exceptional and special merit.

As of 1917, the grand gross could be worn as a neck decoration.

Known manufacturers of the Order grades included: F. Steinam, Stuttgart; Eduard Foehr, Stuttgart; Württemberg Royal Mint, Stuttgart; and Jewelers Berg & Cie.

The Order became obsolete in 1918.

The I Class Commander and II Class Commander are identical, the only difference is that the I Class Commander was awarded with the I Class Commander Breast Star.


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