Order of the Oak Crown, Gold Medal (1858-1890) Ribbon
Image courtesy of eMedals.com
The Order of the Oak Crown was established by Wilhelm II King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg by Grand Ducal Decree on December 29, 1841. It is the oldest Order in Luxembourg.
It is conferred upon civilians and military personnel of Luxembourg, as well as foreigners, in recognition of exceptional achievements. All awards are required to be returned following the death of a member or following their promotion to a higher grade. Promotion to a higher grade can only occur after a period of five years in the lower grade.
At the time of its creation, the Order was awarded in four grades: Grand Cross, Knight of the Star of the Order, Commander, and Knight. On February 5, 1858, the present grades were established when four additional grades were added to the Order.
Known dates of production for different manufacturers are as follows: A. Moussault (1841-1859); Wed. A. Moussault en Zonen (1859-1869); Fa. A. M. Moussault (1869-1871); van der Horst (1872-1882); Artec (1997-).
In 1872, the Gold Medal began to be manufactured from silver gilt rather than gold due to economic considerations. The obverse inscription translates to "I Will Maintain."
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