Order of Saint Stanislaus, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Badge (provisional government, in bronze)
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Originally this was a Polish Order created on May 7, 1765 by King Stanislaus II, to honour the Patron Saint of Poland, St. Stanislas of Krakow.
This Order became a Russian Order after the Polish Rebellion of 1830, when Polish forces were suppressed. It was adopted as a Russian Order in 1831.
The version with an eagle was awarded to Non-Christians, and the version with swords was awarded to military personnel.
The obverse features the initals of the Saint.
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