Russia is the world’s largest country by area. It covers 17 million sq km (6.6 million sq miles), accounting for more than one ninth of Earth’s terrestrial area. The country lies in both Europe and Asia: one quarter of its territory is in Europe and three quarters in Asia. Russia has the ninth most populous, with about 146.77 million people in the world. The capital and the largest metropolitan area in Europe proper is Moscow.
The Russian military is the fifth largest in the world, with more than one million employees. In addition, the Russian military is divided into ground forces, navy and air force. There are also three independent arms of service: Strategic Missile Troops, Aerospace Defence Forces, and the Airborne Troops.
It is interesting to note that there are approximately 10 million more women in Russia than there are men. This imbalance was initially believed to the result of so many men dying during World War II.
In MedalBook, Russia is divided into the Imperial, Soviet Federative Socialist Republic/Soviet Russia and Federation time periods. For more information, see the time period’s folder.
Viktor Kempf, Regimental Badges of Imperial Russia
Robert Werlich, Russian Orders, Decorations and Medals Including Those of Imperial Russia The Provisional Government The Civil War and the Soviet Union (Washington D.C., Quaker Press, 1981)
Prince Dimitri Romanov, The Orders, Medals and History of Imperial Russia (Engvej Denmark, Balkan Heritage, 2000)
Paul Mcdaniel and Paul J. Schmitt, The Comprehensive Guide to Soviet Orders and Medals (Arlington Virginia, Historical Research, 1997)Orders, decorations and medals of Russia, Wikipedia,
Orders, decorations and medals of the Soviet Union, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orders,_decorations,_and_medals_of_the_Soviet_Union
Category: Orders, decorations and medals of the Russian Empire, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Orders,_decorations,_and_medals_of_the_Russian_Empire
Also see the "General Sources" page in the Footer.
Order of Merit for the Fatherland, Military Division, II Class Breast Star