Peninsula Medal for Officers, Type II (by F. Streuber)
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The Type II Medal was established by Duke Wilhelm von Braunschweig and was conferred upon Officers who served with the British in the Peninsular War.
The Type II Medal was instituted on September 21, 1833, and it was conferred upon individuals who had not been eligible to receive the Type I Awards.
The Peninsular War began in 1806, when Napoleon Bonaparte ordered a continental blockade against England, and Britain’s long term ally, Portugal, refused to comply. In 1807, France and Spain agreed to jointly invade Portugal, and the conflict escalated in 1808, when France turned on Spain and seized strategic Spanish fortresses.
Type I features the cipher “W.”
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