Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, IV Class Badge (for non-christians)
Image courtesy of Dmitry Markov, The New York Sale
Estimated market value:
Badge for the Order. 4th Class. For Non-Christian. Weapons award. Ca. End of 19th Cent. – WWI. Bronze. 22 mm. Screwback construction. Was not yet attached to an award weapon. Extremely rare an original pieces.
The Order of St. Anne was founded in memory of Schleswig-Holstein's wife Anna Petrovna (daughter of Peter the Great). Emperor Paul I established the Order as purely Russian. It was initially awarded for distinguished civil merit, and was expanded as a military award for war service after 1855.
The award was conferred by Duke Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein in memory of his wife Anna Petrovna, and was not considered a Russian award. The Type I Order was awarded only one Colonel, the Col. E.I. Vlastov.
The insignia of St. Anne on the badge and the cross on the star was changed to the Imperial Eagle when awarded to non-Christians.
The IV Class was added to the Order in 1815 by Alexander I. It was worn on the pommel of the sword.
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