Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Cross (in gold)


SKU: 01.RUS.0113.101.01.000

Estimated market value:

$6000 USD

  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Badge (in gold)
  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Badge (in gold) Reverse
  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Badge (in gold) with Sash

Estimated market value:

$6000 USD


  • Country
  • Makers
  • Composition
  • Size
    52mm x 57mm
  • Version Remarks
    Sold with I Class Star by eMedals in 2018 for $14,460.

Physical Description and Item Details

Russia, Imperial. An Order of Saint Anna in Gold, Grand Cross, by Eduard, c.1910

(Орден Святой Анны). Instituted 14 February 1735 by Karl Friedrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. (1906-1917 issue). An excellent example of the Order of Saint Anna, the former constructed of Gold consisting of a Cross Pattée with red enameled arms, with finely detailed gilt adornments joining the quadrants of each arm, the obverse with a central enameled medallion depicting a painted image of Saint Anna, the reverse with a white enameled medallion depicting stylized Latin script initials “A.I.P.F.” for “Anna Imperatoris Petri Filia” (“Anna, Emperor Peter’s Daughter”), on loop with ring suspension, the loop with Gold zolotnik mark of “56”, measuring 52.20 mm (w) x 57.84 mm (h), weighing 27.0 grams, minor flecking over enamels but otherwise in extremely fine condition, with its period original sash, constructed of red and yellow woven ribbon with a snap button closure, measuring 1460 mm in length.


The Order of St. Anne was founded in memory of Schleswig-Holstein's wife Anna Petrovna (daughter of Peter the Great). Emperor Paul I established the Order as purely Russian. It was initially awarded for distinguished civil merit, and was expanded as a military award for war service after 1855.

The award was conferred by Duke Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein in memory of his wife Anna Petrovna, and was not considered a Russian award. The Type I Order was awarded only one Colonel, the Col. E.I. Vlastov.

The insignia of St. Anne on the badge and the cross on the star was changed to the Imperial Eagle when awarded to non-Christians.

The reverse features the first letters of the Order's motto, "AMANTIBUS, JUSTITIAM, PIETATEM, FIDEM."

The Order grades which have black enamel instead of red enamel on the arms, are early versions of this Order. They are referred to as "Black Annes" and were a popular version awarded in the late 1800s.

In 1815, Emperor Alexander I added a IV Class Badge to the Order, which was strictly awarded for military merit.

From 1796 to 1828, the I and II Class Badges have versions that are decorated with brilliants. After 1828, I and II Class Badges with brilliants were only awarded to
foreign dignitaries.

In 1828, a bow ribbon was added to the III Class Badge to award men for military acts of valour.

Crowns were added as a version design element to the I and II Classe awards from 1828 to 1874.

In 1844, the Order was made conferrable upon non-Christians. On these awards, the obverse image of St. Anne was replaced with an image of the Imperial Eagle.

The Military Division version of Class I and II were added in 1855, and feature the addition of intersecting swords.

Beginning in 1857, the swords intersecting the III Class military award were moved to surmount the medal.


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