Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, II Class Cross (in black enamel)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.RUS.0113.103.01.003

Estimated market value:

$7,500 USD

  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, II Class Cross (in black enamel)
  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, II Class Cross (in black enamel)
  • Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, II Class Cross (in black enamel) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$7,500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Russia
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Size
    40mm
  • Version Remarks
    Awards with "black enamels" (in fact dark red, or rarely dark blue) were in fashion ca. 1860-1880, and always obtained as "private purchase" insignia. 

Physical Description and Item Details


Russia, Empire. An Early Russian Order of St. Anne; Second Class in Gold Circa. 1860

Of the highest quality and typical of this period is this exquisite St.Anne crafted in gold with well-executed flat black enamels, handpainted centrepieces, of very high quality, weighing 14.7 grams, with two initials designating the maker mark and hallmarked on the integral ring, measuring 39.7 mm, on an old wide neck ribbon, stunning example that remains in near mint condition!

History


The reverse features the first letters of the Order's motto, "AMANTIBUS, JUSTITIAM, PIETATEM, FIDEM."

The Order grades which have black enamel instead of red enamel on the arms, are early versions of this Order. They are referred to as "Black Annes" and were a popular version awarded in the late 1800s.

In 1815, Emperor Alexander I added a IV Class Badge to the Order, which was strictly awarded for military merit.

From 1796 to 1828, the I and II Class Badges have versions that are decorated with brilliants. After 1828, I and II Class Badges with brilliants were only awarded to
foreign dignitaries.

In 1828, a bow ribbon was added to the III Class Badge to award men for military acts of valour.

Crowns were added as a version design element to the I and II Classe awards from 1828 to 1874.

In 1844, the Order was made conferrable upon non-Christians. On these awards, the obverse image of St. Anne was replaced with an image of the Imperial Eagle.

The Military Division version of Class I and II were added in 1855, and feature the addition of intersecting swords.

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