Order of St. Anne, Type II, Civil Division, II Class Cross (with diamonds)
Image courtesy of Dmitry Markov, The New York Sale
Estimated market value:
Cross. 2nd Class. With diamonds. Gold. 44 mm. Ca. 1860’s-1880’s. Unmarked. Probably a European manufacture. Diamonds later substituted for paste stones (or lead crystals). Comes in old case. Rare.
The reverse features the first letters of the Order's motto, "AMANTIBUS, JUSTITIAM, PIETATEM, FIDEM."
The Order grades which have black enamel instead of red enamel on the arms, are early versions of this Order. They are referred to as "Black Annes" and were a popular version awarded in the late 1800s.
In 1815, Emperor Alexander I added a IV Class Badge to the Order, which was strictly awarded for military merit.
From 1796 to 1828, the I and II Class Badges have versions that are decorated with brilliants. After 1828, I and II Class Badges with brilliants were only awarded to
In 1828, a bow ribbon was added to the III Class Badge to award men for military acts of valour.
Crowns were added as a version design element to the I and II Classe awards from 1828 to 1874.
In 1844, the Order was made conferrable upon non-Christians. On these awards, the obverse image of St. Anne was replaced with an image of the Imperial Eagle.
The Military Division version of Class I and II were added in 1855, and feature the addition of intersecting swords.
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