Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories. Malaysia is the only country that includes territory both on the mainland of Southeast Asia and in the islands that stretch between the Asian continental mass and Oceania. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur. Around 32 million people live there and the official language is Malay.
The history of Malaysia begins with Alexander the Great, who is said to be the ancestor of Malay royalty. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire. Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaysia is the only place in the world where the war against Communism was won. The 12-year guerrilla warfare conducted by Communist forces was finally put down in 1960. Malaysia united with North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in its politics.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional elective monarchy and the only federation in Southeast Asia. The head of state is the king and the head of the government the prime minister.
Malaysia is divided into thirteen states and three federal territories, each with their own particular Orders and Medals & Decorations.
Toole, E.H and Haji Abdul Mubin Sheppard. "Malayan Orders and Decorations." December 1961.
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