Medal for Bravery, Type II, Medal (Variation I)
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The Medal for Bravery was established on October 17, 1938. This medal was created as an award for courage in the defence of the Socialist Homeland. It was conferred upon members of the Army, Navy, Border Guard, Internal Troops, and other USSR citizens. It was also awarded to foreigners. According to the statutes, the Medal for Bravery was awarded for personal courage and acts of bravery displayed in combat with enemies; in defense of the state boundary of the USSR; the performance of military duty in conditions involving risk of life.
Prior to the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, there were approximately 26,000 awarded for the battles of Lake Khasan (1938), Halhingol (1939), and the Winter Wat with Finland (1940-41). During the war, nearly 4,000,000 were awarded. By 1981, a total of 4.5 million had been awarded.
The Medal for Bravery has two types. it is made of silver with red enamel. The obverse presents the words "For Bravery" below three planes and above a Soviet heavy tank. The Type II, five sided suspension (1943-1991), is made from one or two pieces and has three variations. Serial numbers for all these medals range from roughly 595,000-3,621,000. Some variation III medals may not have a serial number.
Variation I has a thin ring that is soldered onto the medal at 12 o'clock. It is manufactured just like Type I, Variation III except that it uses the five sided suspension.
Variation II has an thick "U" shaped ring made with the medal and the serial number is stamped on the reverse. It is a transitional piece between variation I and III. The only serial numbers observed is 3,580,543, likely awarded in 1946.
Variation III has a thick circular ring struck with the medal. This variation often does not have a serial number.
The obverse Russian inscription translates to: "For Bravery". The obverse also features the Cyrillic script for the USSR.
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