Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Type I, I Class (Variation I)
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The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky was instituted on October 10, 1943 by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. This Order was instituted during the Ukrainian Liberation of 1943 by Nikita S. Khrushchev, who convinced Stalin of the award's validity. It was named for the Ukrainian leader Bogdan Mikhailovich Khmelnitsky (1595-1657).
This Order was largely awarded to officers and men engaged in the liberation of Ukraine. The Ukrainian front had the largest number of partisan units operating in its area and it is the only order with statutes covering specific partisan activities as an eligibility factor in receiving the award.
The I Class was conferred upon commanders-in-chiefs of fronts, navies, armies, and flotillas, as well as their chiefs of staff and deputies, chief operational managers, branch chiefs, and high-ranking partisan leaders, in recognition of: successful completion of the liberation of regions, cities, or populations having particular significance to the destruction of the enemy; conduction of partisan operations that destroy an enemy headquarters. The I Class was awarded to 313 individuals and 10 units. Four generals (V.K Baranov, N.A Borozov, I.T Bulychev and F.F Zhmachenko) were twice awarded the I Class.
The Type I, I Class is made of gold and silver and presents a ten-point star constructed of five pieces. The order measures 30-31mm from tip to tip, and the serial number is hand engraved into the gold part of the reverse at 6 o'clock. Serial numbers range from roughly 1-350, the lowest observed being 12 and the highest, 347. There are two variations.
Variation I uses three rivets on the reverse.
Variation II uses two rivets on the reverse.
The obverse Russian inscription translates to: "Bogdan Khmelnitsky".
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