Order of the Badge of Honour, Type II (Variation I)
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This Order of the Badge of Honor was established on November 25, 1935, however the statutes were established in March 28, 1980. The reason for this is unknown. This Order was conferred in recognition of extraordinary accomplishments in the fields of scientific research, production, governmental, cultural, athletic and other pursuits, and for showing civilian courage. It was awarded to citizens of the USSR, enterprises, establishments, organizations, regions, cities, and other populations. It could also be awarded to foreigners, foreign establishments, and foreign organizations.
On December 28, 1988, the Order of the Badge of Honor was replaced by the newly established Order of Honor. The only difference between the two orders is that the Russian words Znak Pocheta at the bottom of the Order of the Badge of Honor were replaced by a hammer and sickle and leaves on the Order of the Honor.
Prior to the Second World War, 14,500 of these orders were awarded. During the war, 66,000 were given during the war and over 1,500,000 were awarded by 1988. The Badge of Honour has four Types.
Type II, screwback, was awarded from June 11, 1936 until June 19, 1943. The order consists of seven pieces, composed of silver, gold-plating and red enamel. The most notable difference between Type I and Type II is the size. The latter is much larger, measuring 46mm in height and 33mm in width. The Cyrillic letters for USSR on the obverse are soldered instead of riveted. The reverse piece is connected by three rivets, located at 2, 6, and 10 o'clock. This type has five variations.
Variation I has a small screwpost without a screwpost base, and employs the 28mm screwback plate. It does not have a makers mark. The serial number is hand engraved between the screwpost and 6 o'clock rivet. The serial numbers range from roughly 2,500 to 3,500, however the only observed serial numbers are 2,747 and 3,587.
Variation II uses the same small screwpost and plate as variation I in the early transitional pieces. Later on, this variation employs a 4mm in diameter, a screwpost base and the common 33mm screwback plate. The Mondvor makers mark is curved and stamped below the screwpost. The serial number is hand engraved and located between the mint mark and the 6 o'clock rivet. The serial numbers range from roughly 3,800 to 8,200.
Variation III is the same as Variation II, except the Mondvor mint mark's letter are thick, spread out and curved towards the 6 o'clock position. The only serial number witnessed is 6,526.
Variation IV features the serial number directly right of the 6 o'clock rivet on the reverse. It has the slightly curved Mondvor mint mark. The serial numbers range from roughly 8,200 to 16,000.
Variation V has a stacked makers mark, located just above the 6 o'clock rivet, below the screwpost. Pieces from approximately 20,000 to 23,000 have the mark above the screwpost. The serial numbers range from roughly 16,000 to 30,000.
The obverse Russian inscription translates to: "Workers of the World, Unite!" and "Badge of Honour". The obverse also features the Russian letters for the USSR.
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