Some historical facts about the Pre-Independence period:
In the 16th century, the Portuguese came to India. However, in the 17th century, other European powers became engaged with the area and India eventually became a British colony. In 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay. These initially did not demand the independence of India, but only more political voice for the Indians. During the First World War, the vast majority of the population behaved loyally. Outraged by the fact that the British were involved in the division of the Ottoman Empire, many Muslims joined the independence movement.
See the "General Sources" page in the Footer.